The Paris climate act has entered into force on 4 November 2016. Especially in the transport area we need concerted efforts towards attaining a green mobility transition, not least in Austria as Umweltbundesamt data show: 45% of Austrian Non-ETS GHG (Non-Emission Trading Scheme Greenhouse Gas Emissions) and 32% of energy use are caused by transport which depends on fossil fuels over more than 90%.
Future transport needs a decoupling of fossil energy usage and a mobility transition towards an environmentally friendly, sustainable and efficient transport system
- with the least possible emissions
- with less dependence on fossil fuel imports through decarbonisation
- with renewable energies and higher energy efficiency.
This mobility transition will be essential to achieve the 2020 climate goals, the new 2030 climate and energy targets and the long-term future outlook for 2050. Until 2020 Austria has to reduce its GHG by 16% and until 2030 by 36% compared to 2005. For decarbonisation, GHG reductions in transport up to 80% (compared to 1990) will be necessary until 2050, following up the EU Roadmap for a low-carbon economy and the EU White Paper on Transport. Thus transport will have to achieve considerable contributions to fulfil energy and climate targets. Deciding both on long term technological development objectives and investments is as important as implementing measures today.
To promote an environmentally friendly mobility transition, the Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism (BMNT) already takes necessary measures now: strategic plans like the Masterplans for Cycling and Walking, the joint action programme of the Environment and Transport ministries to support electric mobility, and the financial support scheme of the klimaaktiv mobil programme embedded in the broader climate protection initiative klimaaktiv.
The klimaaktiv mobil programme provides financial support to Austrian businesses, fleet operators, and property developers as well as towns and cities, municipalities and regions, and relevant actors in tourism, school and youth initiatives. This programme promotes an environmentally friendly mobility transition towards electric mobility, cycling, intelligent mobility management and innovative mobility services. The portfolio of klimaaktiv mobil includes the financial support programme, consulting and awareness-raising programmes, partnerships as well as training and certification initiatives.
The successful outcomes of klimaaktiv mobil:
- 21,000 climate-friendly mobility projects initiated / implemented by around 17,700 businesses, 1,500 cities, municipalities and regions, 1,300 tourism and leisure organisations and 500 schools
- annual savings: 350,000 tonnes of CO2
- financial support for mobility projects amounting to Euro 167.5 million, from the funds of BMK via klimaaktiv mobil, the Climate and Energy Fund and the Austrian environmental support scheme, including 17.9 million euros from EU funds (EAFRD), having triggered an investment volume of Euro 1.2 billion.
- around 10,700 so-called green jobs secured or created
- financial support for around 47,800 alternative vehicles, including 44,900 electric vehicles
- financial support for around 340 cycling projects, including the promotion of cycling in the federal states and in cities
- training of 1,879 klimaaktiv mobil competence partners, such as EcoDriving trainers, bicycle technicians, youth mobility coaches, and certification of 45 klimaaktiv mobil driving schools
- know-how support for 60,000 children and 3,500 teachers in 300 schools and, thus, 800,000 car trips saved
- some 100 youth mobility projects mobility projects implemented with more than 15,000 young people involved